The works fulfilled by National Monitoring Department on Environment in 2017
During the year, monitoring activities on atmosphere air, precipitation, soil, surface water, including environmental radioactive contamination were continued, the assessment and forecasting of environmental processes in the result of anthropogenic impacts, as well as the creation of a database on environment, operative and regime information was prepared and broadcasting was provided.
The monitoring of atmospheric pollution was conducted in 25 observation posts located in 7 large industrial cities of the country - Baku, Sumqayit, Ganja, Mingachevir, Nakhichevan, Lankaran and Shaki. 93099 specimens were taken regarding background composition of atmosphere in these cities and specific harmful substances of each city during 2017 and subsequently 94798 analysis were implemented within 17 pollutants on those patterns. High pollution has not been registered in the mentioned cities.
The monitoring of chemical composition of atmospheric rainfalls were implemented in 23 settlements of 6 regions of the country i.e. Absheron peninsula, Kura-Aras lowland, Minor Caucasus, north-eastern and southern slopes of Major Caucasus and Lankaran zone over 11 indices. 2739 chemical analysis were conducted over 249 rainfall specimens (rain, snow) taken within 2017.
The monitoring of surface water pollution was carried out in 58 observation posts over 42 water objects (27 rivers, 4 water areas, 1 harbor, and 10 lakes). In this regard 7475physical-chemical analysis were implemented over 437 water examples taken from detergents, oil products, phenols, organic oxidizers, chlorine organic pesticides, heavy metals and water mineral composition.
The monitoring on examination of contamination of background composition of soils with oil products, pesticides and heavy metals in the territory of the country were proceeded. 2472 chemical analyses were carried out within the 261 soil specimens taken during the monitoring of soils pollution implemented in 2017. Daily observations on radiation background of environment were conducted in 35 settlements thrice a day encompassing the whole country areas. Observations on b-radioactivity of atmospheric aerosols were implemented in 3770 pad specimens taken from Baku, Sumqayit, Ganja, Lankaran, Shaki, Zaqatala, Quba, Nakhichevan, Agjabadi, Agstafa and Oil Stones based on appropriate analysis. Automated monitoring control system was installed on radiation background in meteorological stations located in Pirallahi island and Gazakh, Sadarak, Nakhichevan AR, Beylagan, Astara and Guba regions which are bordered with countries utilizing nuclear technologies on the project of advancement of infrastructure in the sphere of radioactivity monitoring. Currently monitoring data are transmitted to the National Monitoring Department on Environment of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources and the Management Center at Emergency Situations of the Ministry of Emergency Situations every half an hour.