Radioactivity of the environment
Guarding of environment activities is implemented with "About ecological safety ", " About radiation safety of the population”
«About environment and rules of take away of the monitoring of the natural reserves" prepared connected with laws of the Azerbaijan Republic and execution of these laws is implemented by regulations it (have been affirmed with numbered 90 and dated July 1, 2004 decision of the Cabinet of Ministers).
It is controlled on 2 indicators to radiation condition of the natural environment:
Daily observations on radiation background of the environment with being in 36 points 3 times within days with being in 41 observation posts environment all regions of the country 09:00, 15:00, 18:00 Give in extraordinary circumstances about 00 of the information about radiation background have been intended in 5 other points (Oguz, Shamaxi, Kanlar, Mashtagha,Kurdamir,).
Nucleus energy of the having the same border states the establishments by Azerbaijan taking into account being, including Qazakh, Beylagan, Astara, Khachmaz, Zagatala, Sadarak (Nahichivan Autonomous Republic) have been begun qamma-fon automateded in Baku to creation of the system of exchange of monitoring net and information.
Which allow to measure the radiation level in structure marked divisions which taking away activity in the operative regime of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources with mechanical method this purpose, apparatuses are dosimeter received in the frame of program of technical collaboration with International Agency on Nuclear Energy and apparatuses have been assembled.
"Factual radiation condition of the natural environment in the republic territory " named daily bulletin on the basis of results of the daily monitoring taken away prepare, is represented to person deciding decided of the country marked below, state organ, MASS-MEDIA and it is placed in the Internet.
Background of daily radiation is changeable on seasons in the republic territory depending on activity of the sun rays. So, analysis of the information entering indicators; But background of daily radiation changes
in the Baku - Absheron zone in the winter season in the season of 8-13 micro R/ hours spring in the season of 7-14 micro R /hours, summer in the season of 6-13 micro R hours, autumn between 7-5 micro R hours and insignificant pulling off is observed from natural background. But background of daily
radiation is observed as a whole in this zone among 6-15 micro R /hours and natural background changes in his inside. But background of daily radiation changes in the territory of the Nahichivan Autonomous Republic in the winter season in the season of 10-14 micro R/hours, spring in the season of 10-15 micro R /hours, summer in the season of 10-16 micro R/hours, autumn between (among) 10-15 micro R/hours. Daily radiation background in Nahichivan Autonomous Republic between 10 - 16 micro R/hours is observed (in the inside of background). But background of daily radiation changes to information of observation entering from Daskhsan –Gədəbəy zone according to, in this zone in the winter season in the season of 6-9 micro R/hours, spring in the season of 6-10 micro R/hours, summer in the season of 6-14 micro R/hours, autumn between 6-13 micro R /hours. But background of daily radiation is observed between (in the inside of natural background) of 6-14 micro R/hours. Indicators of the background of daily radiation change as the following in the Gəncə-Qazax zone: But 7-12 micro R/hours in winter, 7-13 micro R/hours in the spring, 6-14 micro R/hours in the 6-16 micro R /hours, autumn in summer. In indicator of daily radiation background on seasons in this zone doesn’t happen so big changes. But background of daily radiation changes as a whole in the Gəncə - Qazakh zone between 6-16 micro R/hours and if little with pulling off is observed from natural background, these carry seasonal character. Zakhatala natural background is high concerning of the mountain rocks physical and chemical feature to other zones in the Şamaxı-Quba zone depending on. So but 7-23 micro R/hours has been in the spring season in the season of 7-23 micro R /hours, summer in the season of 9-23 micro R /hours, autumn. Of the indicators of background of daily radiation in spite of being high in this zone it changes in the inside (7-23 micro R/hours) of natural background. Background of daily radiation changes as the following on seasons to information of observation entering from points in zone of central lowland according to in this zone: But 6-15 micro R/hours in winter, 6-15 micro R/hours in the spring, 6-16 micro R /hours has been in the 6-17 micro R/hours, autumn in summer. In all seasons pulling off are observed in this zone in less amplitudes, but these carry seasonal character. But background (6-17 micro R/hours) of daily radiation changes as a whole in this zone in the inside of natural background. Background of daily radiation changes in the Lankaran - Astara zone in the winter season in the season of 5-16 micro R /hours, spring in the season of 5-15 micro R /hours, summer in the season of 8-17 micro R/hours, autumn among 5-18 micro R/hours. Background (5-18 micro R/hours) of daily radiation changes in this zone in the inside of natural background. If insignificant pulling off is observed from natural background, character carries this season. Zakhatala natural background is high concerning to other zones in the Shamaxı - Quba zone depending on physical and chemical features of the mountain rocks. Observations on general β-radioactivity are taken away of the atmosphere aerosols in 11 points (in Baku, Sumgait, Ganja, Lankaran, Zagatala, Shaki, Guba, Nakhchivan, Aghstafa, Aghjabadi and Neft Dashlary) of the country. Radiation level changes as a whole in the republic territory in the inside of natural background.